Keough (Kehoe)


A surname of England and Ireland, with variants KEO(U)GH also of Ireland; in England "from Caieu, a lost town in the vicinity of Boulongne-sur-Mer (Pas-de-Calais)," in Ireland for (Mac)Keogh, Mac Eochaidh, (Reaney, MacLysaght). MacLysaght traced (Mac) Keogh in Cos. Limerick, Tipperary, Roscommon, Wexford, and usually Kehoe in Wicklow. Keough is the Midland form.



At Ferryland: Ferryland Supreme Court: November 3, 1830 - Kough, Edward - Charged with others in erecting a stage at Stone Island shooting place which interfered with other people's nets which have been set there for 40 years.
At Caplin Bay: Voter's List for Caplin Bay: 1840 - Edmund Kehoe, 1841 - 1859 - Edward Keough.
  Journal of the Newfoundland House of Assembly - Education Report 1846: Stone Island Cove- "A Schoolmaster, Mr. Edward Keough, is appointed, to this very small settlement, with a salary of £8. He shewed me his list of 24 names. He was absent the day I called here, but I waited for his return, and sent [him] out to collect what children could be found. They have been taught absolutely nothing, nor could anything better be expected, from the total absence of every requisite. The appearance of abject poverty was extreme."
  Journal of the Newfoundland House of Assembly - Education Report - October 18th, 1855: Caplin Bay North - [Teacher] Edward Kehoe, [No. of Students] 50, [Salary] £12.
  Lovell's 1871 Directory: Edward Keough, planter.
  Headstone - Ferryland RC Cemetery: KEOUGH - Edward Keough, a native of Co. Wexford, Ireland died 17 December 1876; aged 80 yrs, of which sixty years were spent in this country. Erected by his son Andrew Keough".
  McAlpine's 1894 Directory: John Keough, fisherman; Michael Keough, fisherman; Edward Keough, fisherman; Andrew Keough, fisherman.
  McAlpine's 1898 Directory: John Keough, fisherman; Michael Keough, fisherman; Edward Keough, fisherman; Andrew Keough, fisherman; Joseph Keough, fisherman.
  McAlpine's 1904 Directory: John Keough, fisherman; Michael Keough, fisherman; Edward Keough, fisherman; Andrew Keough, general dealer; Joseph Keough, fisherman.
Family History: Edward Keough came to Newfoundland from Ireland about 1816 and eventually settled in the area known as Stone Island, on the north-eastern headland of Caplin Bay. Some of Edward's descendants have stated that he came from New Ross, Co. Wexford, although recorded proof of this assertion has not been found. It is not known if Edward came alone, or if he was part of a family who settled elsewhere. There are a number of other Keough/Kehoe families with similar paternal forenames throughout Newfoundland, and while kinship with them has been suggested, it has never been proven. Edward Keough is first mentioned in the Ferryland Supreme Court records of 1830. In this case Edward, and some other fishermen at Stone Island, were charged with building fishing premises that were allegedly interfering with the securing of other fishermen's nets to the shoreline at Stone Island.
  Edward's sons and daughters were all born and raised at Stone Island. However, by the time that they married and started their own families, the trend was to settle further "up the bay". This area, although several miles farther away from the fishing grounds, was much more sheltered than the windswept headland at Stone Island. His sons built their houses and fishing premises at the head of the bay, in a small cove, south-east of the main beach. One son, Philip, eventually moved to Ferryland Head in the early 1870s to take up the position of Assistant Keeper of the newly constructed lighthouse. Edward's daughters also moved away from Stone Island when they grew up. Catherine married into the Power family of Caplin Bay and settled close to her brothers at the head of the bay. Mary and Ellen married into the Shallow family and settled at Clear's Cove, Fermeuse, several miles south of Caplin Bay. Some members of these families eventually moved to the "Boston States", which was a regular occurrence in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
  All of Edward's children appear to have received a fairly good education, not surprising given the fact that Edward himself was literate. Although there has been much speculation as to the depth of Edward's education, we learn from various documents that from 1846 onward he was a salaried schoolteacher. Community folk lore says that he last taught school, after he moved from Stone Island, on property that he was granted in 1869, next to the Morry property (Athlone). The source of his education is unknown, but if his roots were in New Ross, it was likely gained from association with mercantile families in that area. There were several of that surname, usually spelled Kough, conducting business out of the inland port of New Ross on the River Barrow. Ferryland Court records show that that George and Thomas Kough &Co., of Ross, Wexford, established and ran a business at Cape Broyle for about three decades - from 1788 to at least 1816.
Present Status: There are still a few Keough families at Calvert and quite a few descendants from intermarriage with other families. In addition to those at Calvert, there are descendants of Edward Keough throughout other parts of Newfoundland and the rest of Canada, the U.S.A., and in other countries.
Local Place Names: Keough's Cove. This is the cove at the head of Calvert where the second generation of Keoughs settled and built their fishing premises after moving from Stone Island.

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