Sullivan

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A surname of Ireland (0) Sullivan, 0 Súileabháin, Ir. suil - eye, with last part of the name uncertain. (MacLysaght). The third most numerous name in Ireland, traced by MacLysaght especially in Cos. Cork and Kerry.

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At Fermeuse: Fermeuse/Renews RC Marriages: January 25, 1838 - Joseph Sullivan, County Wexford m. Eliza Swayne, Stone Island, Capelin Bay. Witnesses: James Mulloy & Catherine Madden. Priest: Father J. Murphy.
At Caplin Bay: Voter's List for Caplin Bay: 1841, 1842, 1844, 1845, 1847, 1849, 1852, 1855, 1859 - Joseph Sullivan - Stone Island.
  Crown Land Grants to Joseph Sullivan: grant #959 - 1851; grant #1493 - 1858; grants #2655 & #2666 - 1868.
  Lovell's 1871 Directory: Sullivan Joseph, planter.
  St. John's newspaper - Evening Telegram - Dec 26, 1888 - Sullivan, Joseph, native of Wexford, died 20th at Caplin Bay aged 76, here 59 yrs.
  McAlpines 1894-97 Directory: Laurence Sullivan, fisherman; John Sullivan, fisherman; Richard Sullivan, fisherman.
  McAlpine's 1898 Directory: Robert Sullivan, fisherman; Laurence Sullivan, fisherman; Richard Sullivan, fisherman; Martin Sullivan, fisherman.
  Voter's List for Caplin Bay - 1900: Lawrence Sullivan, Richard Sullivan, Robert Sullivan, Joseph Sullivan, Martin Sullivan.
Family History: The Sullivan family of Caplin Bay began with the marriage of Joseph (Joe) Sullivan, of Co. Wexford, Ireland to Elizabeth (Eliza) Swain, eldest daughter of Robert Swain, one of the earliest Stone Island settlers. Joe and Eliza had two sons, Lawrence (Lar) and Robert (Bob), and a daughter Mary, who were born at Stone Island in the 1840s. When they grew up and married, Lar and Bob moved about a mile west, farther up the north side of Caplin Bay, and built their homes in the area that is known today as Sullivan's Hill. This area, although a little farther away from the fishing grounds, gave them room for expansion and offered more shelter than their old homestead on the headland at Stone Island. The terrain, although still rocky, was more suitable for meadow-land and the planting of crops. Mary Sullivan married Michael Keough, son of Edward Keough, another Wexford man and an early settler of Stone Island. She lived at the head of Caplin Bay where the second generation of Keoughs settled after leaving Stone Island.
  Lar and Bob Sullivan had moderate size families but once their sons grew to manhood, pooled resources gave the Sullivans a good share of the fishing industry at Caplin Bay. Lar's sons Martin, Joseph and Richard stayed at Caplin Bay; his son John married at Ferryland and lived there. Bob Sullivan had three sons, Michael, Joseph and Patrick. Joseph and Patrick stayed at Caplin Bay but tragically the eldest son, Michael, died of diphtheria while at the seal hunt in April 1897. By the first decade of the twentieth century, the sons from both branches of the family had started to marry and the Sullivan surname expanded quickly through the large families of Martin, Patrick, and Joseph (of Robert).
  Later in the century as their respective families grew, the Sullivans branched into two separate family groups to carry on the fishery. Martin and Joseph (of Lar) formed one of these groups and Patrick and Joseph (of Bob) formed another group. The ability to earn a good living, in the place where you were born, kept most of their sons at home, although a few ventured forth to try different ways of life.
Present Status: The Sullivans are the largest family group at Calvert and probably the highest related concentration of the surname in Newfoundland. Although the cod fishery has effectively been shut down since 1992, many of the Sullivan families have stayed and continued to raise their families there. The fishery is still ongoing, but other species have replaced the cod as the main resource. Like most rural Newfoundland families, the last two generations of Sullivans have increasingly sought alternate employment in other fields of business, which has taken them to many places outside of Calvert. In addition to the many descendants at Calvert, there are also a large number of descendants of Joe and Eliza Sullivan throughout Newfoundland and other parts of Canada, the U.S.A., and in other countries.
Local Place Names: Sullivan's Hill. This area on the north side of Caplin Bay was selected by the second generation of Sullivans, as the site for their new homes, when they moved from Stone Island.

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