A surname of England, Scotland and Ireland from Old English wælisc Middle English walsche - Foreigner. (Reaney, Cottle, Black, MacLysaght) See also WALLACE, WALLIS, WELSH. Traced by Guppy in Lancashire, by Spiegelhalter in Devon, and by MacLysaght as the fourth numerous of Irish surnames.



At Ferryland: Census 1800: James Welsh and wife Elinor. Her children from a previous marriage were: Patrick Evoy - 13, John Evoy - 11, Mary Evoy - 9, Joan Evoy - 6½, Elinor Evoy- 3½, Catherine Evoy - 1½.
  Surrogate Court Records: January 1, 1800 Welsh, James Licenced to sell liquor in Ferryland.
  District Court Records: April 1, 1803 McLarthy, Adam: Charged this person with assault: Welsh, James. McLarthy, Ann: Charged this person with assault: Welsh, Sylvester. McLarthy, Ann: Charged this person with abusing her: Evoy, Patrick.
  Surrogate Court Records: April 10, 1805 - Indenture by John Baker on behalf of David Sweetland to lease Audley's Plantation on the north side of Caplin Bay to James Walsh for the term of 21 years. The annual rent was to be one quintal of merchantable cod fish. Witness: Patrick Evoy. This identure was revised on the June 28, 1805 to extend the time-frame for another 21 years and "for as long afterwards as they the said James Walsh & John Evoy shall think proper paying the within mentioned rent".
  Surrogate Court Records: Nov. 3, 1817- court records show that James Walsh, Caplin Bay, planter, owed money to David Cluency ? Witness: John Evoy.
  Surrogate Court Records - Nov. 20 1817 - John Evoy - Planter of Ferryland paid Shannon -Levingston money owed by James Walsh. Witness: Robert Wakeham.
At Caplin Bay: District Court Records: September 28, 1829 Walsh, Nelly. This Caplin Bay woman was charged with assaulting: Congdon, Catherine.
  Voter's List for Caplin Bay: 1840, 1841, 1842 - James Walsh, 1844 - James Walsh & James Walsh, Jun., 1845, 1846, 1847, 1849, 1852, 1855, 1859 - James Walsh
  Lovell's 1871 Directory : James Walsh - fisherman.
  McAlpine's 1894 - 97 Directory: Robert Walsh - fisherman.
Family History: The 1800 Census for Ferryland lists James and Elinor (Ellen) Walsh living at Ferryland. James had just recently married Elinor, who had been widowed by the death of her husband Michael Evoy late in 1798. Elinor and her first husband had been publicans and she and her new husband, James Walsh, continued in this occupation for several years after their marriage. The Court Records show that they were still at Ferryland in 1803 when Elinor, her son Patrick Evoy, her husband James and his brother Sylvester Walsh were involved in an altercation there with the McLarthy family.
  Court records seem to indicate that about 1805 James and Elinor left Ferryland to pursue a quieter occupation, so they resettled at Caplin Bay - just west of the river (Walsh's River) on the north side of the harbour. When James and Elinor moved to Caplin Bay, some, or maybe all, of the Evoys moved with them (See EVOY). There was at least one child (James Walsh Jr.) born to James and Elinor after their marriage. Later records suggest that there may have also been a daughter, Catherine, however it is unclear if Catherine (Reddigan) was actually an Evoy or a Walsh.
  Although we do not know which Irish county James Walsh came from, it would seem that he was more inclined to be a farmer than a fisherman. A land transfer by James Walsh - Planter - in April 1844 to "Richard Reddigan, the younger" notes that in addition to his fishing premises he was transferring "nine head of horned cattle and one mare together with all farm utensils". James and Ellen were obviously elderly by this time so in return for the entire homestead or messuage "the said Richard Reddigan the younger, his natural guardian, heirs, executors, or administrators shall and will truly provide or cause to be provided for the said James Walsh & his present wife Ellen Walsh, good and sufficient necessary clothing, food, and lodging for and during the term of their natural lives." Nothing more is known of the consequences of this document, which was never rescinded, however all of the land and property described in the deed reverted to James Walsh, Jr. and his descendants.
  In the early 1840s, James Walsh Jr. married Mary Swain, daughter of Robert Swain, one of the earliest Stone Island settlers. They had three daughters, Mary, Ellen and Agnes who married into the Murphy, Power and Kavanagh families respectively. They also had a son Robert, who married in 1883. Robert had four sons; James, Ambrose, and William married and raised families at Caplin Bay; Michael never married.
Present Status: There are several Walsh families at Calvert and many descendants of James and Elinor Walsh from the intermarriage with other surnames. There are also a large number of descendants throughout other parts of Newfoundland and the rest of Canada, the U.S.A., and other countries.
Local Place Names: Walsh's River, Walsh's Lane. Walsh's River was the eastern boundary of the property owned by James Walsh on the north side of Calvert. Walsh's Lane, which is now actually part of the main road through the north side of Calvert, was initially just an pathway across the Walsh property.

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